Last updated: Aug 2022
I'm currently a Senior Research Associate with Khazanah Research Institute (KRI), focusing mainly on digital and tech policy in the context of Malaysia and Southeast Asia.
I'm a bit of an academic mutt: I have a PhD in Communication (Nanyang Technological University, Singapore), a Master's degree in Public Policy (University of Malaya, Malaysia), and a Bachelor's degree in Information Systems Engineering (UTAR, Malaysia).
Upon receiving my doctorate, I returned to Malaysia and worked in a think tank, Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia, in its department that worked on sustainable development. After leaving ISIS Malaysia, I was working mostly freelance on commissioned research projects, except for some short stints when I worked on managing the communications for a regional NGO, Innovation for Change - East Asia (2017) and managing a project for WWF-Malaysia (2021).
Apart from my research and advocacy work within civil society and policy think tanks, I've lectured part time in Monash University, Malaysia. In 2020 I received an International Research and Collaboration Award from the University of Cambridge, under their Department of History and Philosophy of Science, for their Mellon Sawyer Seminar entitled 'Histories of AI: A Genealogy of Power'. The fellowship ran from May 2020 to December 2021.
Here are some of the organisations that I have worked with, in my capacity as an independent researcher/contractor/writer of commissioned papers or articles:
- Oxford Internet Institute
- WWF Malaysia
- Konrad Adenauer Stiftung
- Digital Futures Lab/Tandem Research
- Association for Progressive Communications (APC)
- PE Research
- IT for Change (ITfC)
- Persatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor (EMPOWER)
- Japanese Institute of International Affairs (JIIA)
In this section you will find some information about my research interests, a list of published works, and some research ideas that I've proposed in the past. More details on specific projects can be found in the Projects section. Just jump to the sub-section that you are interested in:
- An overview of my research interests and my research path so far
- A list of my published work, including articles and academic papers
- Various committees and working groups that I have been part of
- Some research ideas that I've proposed or played with, but have not been able to execute (yet!)
My Research Interests permalink
My research interests are rather wide-ranging and often have an advocacy angle to them. For the time being, the main themes that I've explored are sustainable development, human rights, and digital communication. As time passed, my research interests gradually transitioned from digital communication to sustainable development, and back to digital communication, generally underpinned by a human rights focus. The intersections between the themes fascinate me. At the moment I am looking at digital rights, and artificial intelligence and human rights, within the context of Southeast Asia.
Some elaborations to give more context:
- 2008-2012: When I was doing my PhD in Nanyang Technological University (in Communication), I was studying how people build trust on platforms such as Couchsurfing.com, where you first have to make an impression online, then move the connection offline. The thesis covered subcultural capital and "performing cosmopolitanism" in the subculture of Couchsurfing, and also included a chapter on the history of Couchsurfing up till 2012.
- 2013-2015: I came back to Malaysia and worked in a think tank, the Institute of Strategic and International Studies (ISIS) Malaysia, in the department specialising in environmental policy and sustainable development. My focus at that point was social and solidarity economy (SSE), looking at case studies on alternative economies that respect people and the planet. During this time I wrote a paper on SSE and sustainable development in Malaysia. On the side I was also running MESYM.com, an environmental platform based in Malaysia, with its associated MESYM Documentary Nights, which was active for a few years before I got too busy to maintain it.
- 2015-2017: From mid-2015 to early 2017 I was an independent researcher. Within this period some of the projects that I did were a research paper for the Japanese Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) on social protection for the informal economy in Malaysia, and a report on Freedom of Association and Assembly Online in Malaysia, commissioned by APC-IMPACT. On the side I was interested in issues of free trade agreements (TPP mainly), and jumpstarted a platform for generating discussions on the topic, TPPDebate.org; I also represented the Asian Solidarity Economy Council in various forums on my interests of social and solidarity economy.
- 2017: I worked for a year with a regional human rights NGO Innovation for Change - East Asia as their communication and information officer. In this year I did not do research, but gained experience in other areas such as building and implementing a communication strategy, project management, and coordination. One of the projects that I coordinated, which would be useful for the next year, was a series of digital security trainings for four Southeast Asian countries (Malaysia, Thailand, Philippines, and Indonesia) for human rights defenders and high risk populations. I also gained a lot of regional civil society friends, which was really nice :)
- 2018: In 2018 I went back into being independent - aside from small projects here and there on civic tech and environmental policy, one of the main things I did in 2018 was to lecture part time in Monash University on the course of Global Digital Media: International and Transnational Communication in their Master's course. I liked teaching but part time lecturing work is actually rather precarious (low pay work and benefits that do not reflect the amount of work) and I didn't want to do it for the long term. So I decided not to.
- 2019-2021: In 2019 I started to work on digital rights in earnest, while doing some other small projects to pay the bills. I conducted a research project under SHAPE-SEA, studying the digital rights movement in Southeast Asia. Within the project I built a conceptual framework of what digital rights is, and looked at the challenges faced by the movement, plus recommendations from digital rights activists on how to improve the movement. Towards the end of 2019 and in 2020, I worked with EngageMedia to produce some research on AI and Southeast Asia. I also got the International Research and Collaboration Award on Histories of AI from University of Cambridge.
- 2021: Mid-way through 2021, I was invited by WWF Malaysia to join their Net Zero Study team as a project manager for a study jointly conducted by WWF-MY and Boston Consulting Group (BCG). A report, Securing Our Future: Net Zero Pathways for Malaysia was produced as a result. This experience was enriching not only from a skill sets point of view (project management and coordination) - I also gained significant updates on domain knowledge of climate change politics and Malaysia's policy directions towards decarbonisation. At the end of the year, my report on AI governance in Southeast Asia was published by EngageMedia.
- 2022 - Presently I am back into the field of digital rights and AI governance. An ongoing project is Stories in/around AI, a collaboration between myself and researchers kat azali, Au Yung, and Srujana Katta to collect stories in Southeast Asia with regards to AI and work. Mid-2022, I joined Khazanah Research Institute full-time as a Senior Research Associate.
You can find the specific research projects in the Projects section.
My Published Works permalink
- The geopolitics of AI and what it means for Southeast Asia, a two-part series published by EngageMedia.org:
- An essay published within IT for Change's digital compendium of A Digital New Deal: Visions of Justice in a Post-Covid World
- A critical view of AI ethics, a three-part series published by EngageMedia.org:
- 10/8/2020: Looking at the substance of ethical guidelines
- 17/8/2020: Problems in putting principles into practice
- 31/8/2020: Alternative ethical frameworks for AI
- On Covid-19, published by the Association for Progressive Communication (APC)
- 21/3/2020: What good can come out of the coronavirus?
- AI and Human Rights in Southeast Asia, a three-part series published in Coconet.Social:
- 24/12/2019: Human Rights Concerns on Artificial Intelligence in Southeast Asia: An Overview
- 12/2/2020: Can’t live with it, can’t live without it? AI impacts on economic, social, and cultural rights
- 4/3/2020: AI as a weapon against civil and political rights
- The series has been translated into Thai by Teerada Na Jatturas, which I greatly appreciate
I'm adding the files for download that I can - unfortunately some of the older papers are archived somewhere in some hard drive and I haven't mustered the motivation to go and locate them.
- Tan, J.-E. (2022). To What Extent Does Malaysia’s National Fourth Industrial Revolution (4IR) Policy Address AI Security Risks? In U. Aneja (Ed.), Reframing AI Governance: Perspectives from Asia. Digital Futures Lab & Konrad Adenauer Stiftung.（Download)
- Tan, J.-E. (2021). Governance of Artificial Intelligence (AI) in Southeast Asia. EngageMedia. https://engagemedia.org/wp-content/uploads/2021/12/Engage_Report-Governance-of-Artificial-Intelligence-AI-in-Southeast-Asia_12202021.pdf (Download)
- Tan, J.-E. (2019). "Digital Rights in Southeast Asia: Conceptual Framework and Movement Building". In Y.H. Khoo & D. Simanjundtak (Eds.), Exploring the Nexus between Technologies and Human Rights: Opportunities and Challenges for Southeast Asia. Bangkok: SHAPE-SEA (Download)
- Tan, J.-E. (2016). Social and Solidarity Economy for Sustainable Development in Malaysia: Concepts, Contexts and Case Studies. (UKM Ethnic Studies Paper Series No. 51, September 2016). Bangi: Universiti Kebangsaan Malaysia (Download)
- Tan, J.-E. (2016). Freedom of Association and Assembly (FoAA) online in Malaysia: Overview and Case Studies in Malaysia. Kuala Lumpur: Association for Progressive Communications (Download)
- Tan, J.-E. (2016). “Social Protection and the Informal Economy in Malaysia”. In Japan National Committee for Pacific Economic Cooperation (JANCPEC) (Ed.), Towards a More Resilient Society: Lessons from Economic Crises. Tokyo: The Japan Institute of International Affairs (JIIA) (Download)
- Tan, J.-E. (2013). Building Trust In Electronic-To-Face Social Network Sites: Case Study Of Couchsurfing.Org, Dissertation in fulfilment of a PhD in Communication of the Wee Kim Wee School of Communication and Information (WKWSCI), Nanyang Technological University, Singapore. (Download)
- Tan, J.-E. (2013). “Performing Cosmopolitanism as Subcultural Capital: A Macro-level View of Trust on Couchsurfing.org”. In S. Buchberger & D. Picard (Eds.), CouchSurfing Cosmopolitanisms: Can Tourism Make a Better World? Surrey: Ashgate.
- Tan, J.-E. (2010). “The Leap of Faith from Online to Offline: An Exploratory Study of Couchsurfing.org”. In A. Acquisti, S. Smith & A.-R.Sadeghi (Eds.), Trust and Trustworthy Computing (Vol. 6101, pp. 367-380): Springer Berlin / Heidelberg.
- Gayoso, G. M., Tan, J. -E., Mazumdar, S. &Liu, Q.Y. (2009). Homosexuality in Films: Trends of Portrayal in Hollywood and Asia. Media Asia, 36(1), 38-46.
- Tan, J.-E. & Zawawi Ibrahim (2008) Blogging and Democratization in Malaysia - A New Civil Society in the Making. Petaling Jaya: SIRD
Various committees and working groups that I have been part of permalink
- 2022 - Programme committee of FAccT22 (ACM Conference on Fairness, Accountability and Transparency)
- 2022 - Feminist Technology Playground (by Association for Progressive Communications, Women's Rights Programme, and Numun Fund)
- 2021/2022 - Feminist Principles for Digital Justice Working Group (by DAWN and IT for Change)
- 2021 - Digital Rights in Society Global South-North Algorithmic Governance Working Group (by Paris Peace Forum and Initiate)
- 2015-2022 - Board of Directors of the Centre of Environment, Technology & Development, Malaysia (CETDEM).
Research Ideas permalink
Part of my work as a researcher is to write research proposals when I'm bidding for projects or research work. These proposals often take a long time to craft and to tailor to the application. Due to the breadth of my research interests I'm also often making proposals that are outside of my comfort zone, adding to the time spent on each proposal. Instead of letting the rejected proposals languish in some corner of my hard disk, I'm celebrating them and posting some of them up here for interested folks to take a look. I've not updated any of them, so here they are frozen in their time and context (without the name of the institution that I was originally applying for - and I also added my contact details to each file):
- The Big Picture for Digital Rights Framework: Bridging academic research and grassroots activism in Southeast Asia (full proposal)
- Rights for all, except rights workers? Working conditions within advocacy NGOs in Southeast Asia (full proposal)
- Business-as-usual or Building Back Better? Post-disaster recovery of local economies in Japan and Malaysia (full proposal)
- Civil society participation in the implementation of SDGs in Asia: A comparison of policy networks in Japan, Malaysia, and Timor Leste (full proposal)